Butternut

BUTTERNUT, Juglans cinerea

Butternut is a tree that is widespread but seldom common in the upland deciduous forests of southern Ontario.  It is a medium sized tree that is not tolerant of shade.  It is sometime also known by the name of White Walnut.  Leaves are compound and the fruit is an oval nut with jagged ridges.  The nuts are eaten by a variety of wildlife and humans as well.  Butternut will hybridize with several other related species including Japanese Walnut and Manchurian Walnut.  Some hybrids are prolific nut producers and have been planted in yards or orchards for nut production.

Survival of Butternut is threatened by a disease called Butternut Canker.  As a result, Butternut is listed as an Endangered Species.

butternut_exeterBUTTERNUT (Bn01)

Size (note: diameter and circumference measured at breast height – 1.3 m above the ground)
Diameter: 102 cm
Circumference: 320 cm
Height:  19 m
Location
Address: 231 William Street, Exeter, Note: this tree is on private property and in a back yard, but can be viewed from the street
UTM Coordinates: E460819, N4799807
Notes: It is suspected that this tree is a hybrid, but without further testing it cannot be confirmed.
Submitted by: Steve Bowers
Date measured: July 31, 2008

 

butternut_bayfield_aBUTTERNUT (Bn02)

Size (note: diameter and circumference measured at breast height – 1.3 m above the ground)
Diameter: 74.5 cm
Circumference: 237 cm
Height:  20 m
Location
Address: 34945 Old River Road, Bayfield, Note: this tree is on private property.  It is in the front yard and can be viewed from the road.
UTM Coordinates: E443840, N4824366
Notes: There is a plaque near the tree that indicates it was planted in 1939 from a seed given to Mr. Thornton Mustard by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.  It is suspected that this tree is a hybrid, but without further testing it cannot be confirmed
Submitted by: Steve Bowers
Date measured: July 31, 2008